Ingabe amadoda kufanele ahlolelwe i-HPV?

Ekuqondeni kwabantu abaningi, ukutheleleka nge-HPV “kukhethekile” kwabesifazane.Phela, u-99% womdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho uhlobene nokutheleleka kwe-HPV yesikhathi eside!Eqinisweni, umdlavuza wabesilisa abaningi uhlotshaniswa nokutheleleka nge-HPV.

Iyini i-HPV?

I-HPV ibizwa ngokuthi i-human papillomavirus, igciwane elivamile legciwane lokuzala, ngokusho kwe-carcinogenicity yalo, lihlukaniswe ngezinhlobo ezinobungozi obukhulu kanye nezinhlobo ezinobungozi obuphansi.Ngaphansi kwezimo ezijwayelekile, ukutheleleka okuqhubekayo kwe-HPV esengozini enkulu kuzoholela kumdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho, futhi cishe u-90% womdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho uhlobene nokutheleleka nge-HPV.Iningi lomdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho libangelwa ukutheleleka nge-HPV, futhi okungenani izinhlobo ezingu-14 ze-HPV sezihlukanisiwe ezingaholela kumdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho, umdlavuza wesibeletho, umdlavuza we-vulvar noma umdlavuza wepipi.I-HPV16 noma i-18 subtypes engcuphe kakhulu ingatholwa kumdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho omningi emhlabeni jikelele, ngakho-ke kukholakala ukuthi i-HPV16 ne-HPV18 yizona ezidala umdlavuza, kanti izinhlobo ezincane ze-HPV16 yizona ezidala umdlavuza.

Obani amaqembu asengozini enkulu yomdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho?

Umdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho njengamanje ukuphela komdlavuza onembangela ecacile: iziguli eziningi zibangelwa izinhlobo ze-HPV ezisengozini enkulu yocansi.Kodwa ukuze kucace, i-HPV “positive” ≠ umdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho.Ukutheleleka kwe-HPV okuhlala isikhathi eside, okuqhubekayo okuyingozi kakhulu kwandisa ingozi yezilonda eziyingozi zomlomo wesibeletho.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, uma kukhona lezi zinhlobo ezi-5 zezimo ezilandelayo, eziyingxenye yeqembu elithintekayo, kufanele uqaphe kakhulu umdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho:

(1) Ukuya ocansini ngaphambi kwesikhathi kanye nabalingani bocansi abaningi.

(2) Ukuya esikhathini ngaphambi kwesikhathi, ukukhulelwa izikhathi eziningi, nokubeletha ngaphambi kwesikhathi.

(3) imikhuba emibi yenhlanzeko, ukungahlanzeki kusenesikhathi ngaphambi nangemuva kocansi.

(4) ezinye izifo zegciwane lesitho sangasese, njengegciwane le-herpes simplex, i-mycoplasma, ukutheleleka kwe-chlamydia.

(5) Abesifazane abathintana namadoda asengozini enkulu (umdlavuza wepipi, umdlavuza wendlala yesinye noma owake waba unkosikazi wabo abake baba nomdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho) bangangenwa umdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho.

Ingabe amadoda kufanele ahlolelwe i-HPV?

Ukutheleleka nge-HPV kuhlobene kakhulu namadoda.Emhlabeni jikelele, izinga lokutheleleka nge-HPV yezitho zangasese zabesilisa empeleni liphezulu kunelabesifazane!

Izinhlobo eziningi zomdlavuza wesilisa zihlotshaniswa nokutheleleka nge-HPV, njengomdlavuza we-vulvar, umdlavuza wepenile, umdlavuza wangemuva, umdlavuza wesinye, umdlavuza wesinye, i-acuminate yesitho sangasese, izinsumpa zangasese, njll.

Ngaphansi kwezimo ezijwayelekile, ukutheleleka ngegciwane le-HPV okulula ngeke kubonise izimpawu ezisobala kakhulu emzimbeni wamadoda.Njengabesifazane, amadoda amaningi awazi ukuthi bane-HPV.Ngenxa yobuningi besakhiwo sabo sokuphila, amadoda kulula ukuwasusa, kodwa Kulula futhi ukudlulisela igciwane kubalingani besifazane.

I-World Health Organisation ikhiphe imininingwane ekhombisa ukuthi u-70% wabesifazane abangenwe yi-HPV batheleleka kubangani besilisa.Ngakho-ke, ukuvinjelwa kwe-HPV emadodeni kuyinto yokuzicabangela yona.

Kunconywa ukuthi amadoda alandelayo ahlolwe ngokushesha ngangokunokwenzeka futhi ahlolwe njalo

1. Yiba nomlando wocansi

2. Umuntu noma umlingani ocansini unomlando wokutheleleka nge-HPV

3. Ukuba nabalingani bocansi abaningi

4. Utshwala/ugwayi/amasosha omzimba abuthaka

5. Abantu abatheleleke nge-HIV noma ezinye izifo ezithathelwana ngocansi

6. Inani labantu be-MSM


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Jul-13-2022