I-Shenzhen J.ale Bio Yokuqoqwa Kwesampula Yesibeletho Yethulwe

Ngemuva konyaka ongu-1 wokuzikhandla, bonke abasebenzi base-Shenzhen J.able Bio Co., Ltd. baye bakhetha ngokuqhubekayo izinto zokusetshenziswa zomqoqi wesampula yomlomo wesibeletho, bashintsha umklamo, bahlola ukusebenziseka nokuphepha komkhiqizo, bathumela isampula ukuze ihlolwe. , futhi saqinisekisa ikhwalithi yomkhiqizo, njll., ekugcineni manje, ngoJuni, 2022, sathola isitifiketi sokubhaliswa kwedivayisi yezokwelapha yase-China Class II futhi safakwa ohlwini ngempumelelo, i-CFDA.

Umqoqi wesampula womlomo wesibeletho usetshenziswa kakhulu ukuqoqa amaseli e-epithelial omlomo wesibeletho, amaqoqo amaseli kanye noquqaba lwamaseli.Kuyaziwa nangokuthi ukuhlolwa komdlavuza wesibeletho we-HPV gynecological.

Pho uyini umdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho futhi kungani kufanele sihlole umdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho?

Yini umdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho

Umdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho njengamanje ukuphela komdlavuza wezifo zabesifazane one-etiology ecacile.I-etiology yayo ibangelwa ukutheleleka okuqhubekayo kwegciwane le-HPV (human papillomavirus) eliyingozi, elihlobene kakhulu nempilo yocansi.Abesifazane abaya ocansini kusenesikhathi bayisici esibalulekile ekwandiseni izinga lomdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho.Esinye sezici;uma unganaki inhlanzeko yocansi noma impilo yocansi engahlanzekile, abalingani abaningi bocansi bazokwandisa izehlakalo zomdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho.Ucwaningo lwamanje lukhombisa ukuthi ngaphezu kuka-95% weziguli ezinomdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho zine-HPV, ngakho-ke, ithathwa njengembangela yomdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho.

Umdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho awusona isifo esingelapheki.Uma singasheshe sibonakale, izinga lokwelapha lesi sifo liphezulu kakhulu, futhi ukuqhubeka kwesifo kuhamba kancane.Ngokuvamile kuthatha iminyaka noma ngisho namashumi eminyaka kusukela ekuthelelekeni ngegciwane ukuze ekugcineni ube nomdlavuza.Ngakho-ke, ukutholakala kusenesikhathi kanye nokutholwa kusenesikhathi kubaluleke kakhulu.

Izimbangela Zomdlavuza Womlomo wesibeletho

Uthi bewazi?Ngaphezu kwama-95% omdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho ubangelwa ukutheleleka nge-HPV okuyingozi kakhulu.Njengamanje, kunezinhlobo ze-HPV ezaziwayo ezingaphezu kuka-120, izinhlobo ezingaphezu kuka-30 zihlobene nezifo zemigudu yokuzala, izinhlobo ezingaphezu kwezingu-10 ezihlobene ne-cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) kanye nomdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho zihlobene eduze.Ucwaningo lwezokwelapha luthole ukuthi ngaphezu kuka-99% wezicubu zomdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho zinengozi enkulu yokutheleleka nge-HPV.

Ukuhlolwa Komdlavuza Womlomo wesibeletho

Uma nje abesifazane beqala ukuya ocansini, kungenzeka ukuthi bangenwe i-HPV (human papilloma virus, imbangela enkulu yomdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho).Ungahlola kanjani umdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho?Ukuhlolwa komdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho kufanele kuthathe inqubo “yezinyathelo ezintathu” ye-cytology yomlomo wesibeletho noma ukutholwa kwe-HPV DNA esengozini enkulu, i-colposcopy, ne-biopsy yomlomo wesibeletho.Ukuxilongwa kusekelwe ekuxilongweni kwe-histological.

1. I-cytology yomlomo wesibeletho

Uma kuqhathaniswa nokutholwa kwe-HPV engcupheni ephezulu, i-cytology inokucaciswa okuphezulu kodwa ukuzwela okuphansi.Ukuhlolwa kufanele kuqale eminyakeni emi-3 ngemuva kokwenza ucansi, noma ngemuva kweminyaka engama-21, futhi kubuyekezwe njalo.

2. Ukuhlolwa kwe-HPV DNA okunobungozi obukhulu

Uma kuqhathaniswa ne-cytology, inokuzwela okuphezulu kanye nokucaciswa okuphansi.Ingasetshenziswa ngokuhambisana ne-cytology ekuhloleni umdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho.Ingasetshenziselwa futhi ukuhlolwa kwe-cytology engavamile.Uma i-cytology ingamaseli e-squamous atypical of undetermined significance (ASCUS), ukuhlolwa kwe-HPV DNA okunobungozi obukhulu kuyenziwa.I-Colposcopy yenziwa ezigulini ezine-positive, kanye ne-cytology ngemva kwezinyanga ezingu-12 ezigulini ezingezinhle.

3. I-Colposcopy

Uma i-cytology ingamangqamuzana e-squamous (ASCUS) futhi ubungozi obuphezulu be-HPV DNA test ithi positive, noma izilonda ze-squamous intraepithelial ezisezingeni eliphansi nangaphezulu, kufanele kwenziwe i-colposcopy.

Ukuvimbela Umdlavuza Womlomo wesibeletho

Azikho izimpawu zomtholampilo ezilonda eziyingozi zomlomo wesibeletho kanye nasesigabeni sokuqala, futhi eziningi zazo zisesigabeni esithuthukile lapho izimpawu zivela.Ngakho-ke, ukuhlola umdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho njalo kuyasiza kakhulu ekuvimbeleni umdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho.Umphakathi wezokwelapha uyaqaphela ukuthi izindlela ezivuthiwe zokuhlola umdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho i-TCT (ukuhlolwa kwe-cytology okusekelwe oketshezini) kanye nokutholwa kwe-HPV (human papillomavirus), zombili ezenziwa ngokukhipha uketshezi emseleni womlomo wesibeletho, ukuqoqa amaseli amaningi kunama-smears omlomo wesibeletho.Izinga lokutholwa elihlanganisiwe lezilonda ezibangelwa umdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho lingaphezu kwama-90%.

Ukuvimbela umdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho kugxile ekuhloleni.Uma nje abesifazane abaya ocansini bengase babe nomdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho, ngokweminyaka yobudala yeziguli, kuyanconywa ukuthi bahlole umdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho kusukela eminyakeni engu-25 kuya kwengama-70, noma baye ocansini iminyaka emithathu.Bese uqala ukuhlola.

Uma izimo zomnotho zivuma, ukuhlolwa kwezifo zabesifazane ngemva kweminyaka engu-25 kungenza ukuhlolwa kwe-HPV ne-TCT ngesikhathi esisodwa;uma izimo zomnotho ziyisilinganiso, i-HPV kufanele yenziwe okungenani njalo ngemva kweminyaka emithathu, futhi i-TCT kufanele ihlolwe ngemva kokutholakala okuqinisekile.Uma i-TCT ingavezi izilonda ezinomdlavuza , ungalinda izinyanga eziyisithupha ukuze uhlole i-HPV enobungozi obukhulu;uma kokubili i-TCT ne-HPV kujwayelekile, ungahlola njalo eminyakeni emi-5 kuze kube yilapho usuneminyaka engu-70.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Jul-05-2022